Special Report of Silk Road Discourse Lecture Three by the Research Center of Silk Road, Beijing Jiaotong University

At 18:30-20:30, on July 2nd, 2015, Silk Road Research Center of Beijing Jiaotong University, students’ affairs office of the college, work department for postgraduates of the college jointly held an academic forum named “face to face with the master” at the science auditorium. The deputy director of Development Research Center of the State Council, researcher Long Guoqiang made the special report entitled as “ New situation and new strategy of China’s opening to the outside world under the background of ‘one belt and one road’”. The vice president of Beijing Jiaotong University, professor Zhang Xingchen met with researcher Long Guoqiang, and had a cordial exchange. The Dean of School of Economics and Management, professor Zhang Qiusheng, director of China Development Press, concurrently the director of China Development and Observation Periodical Office, president of Guoyan Culture and Media Limited Liability Company, Bao Yueyang etc. participated in the lecture. The seminar was presided over by the director of Silk Road Research Center of Beijing Jiaotong University, dean of Business Administration Branch Institute, School of Economics and Management, professor Zhang Wensong.  
Director Long made the systematic explanation with the emphasis on the reasons for China’s successful opening up to the outside world the new situation faced, the adopted new strategy, especially after the “one belt and one road ”has become the strategic focus of China’s new round openness and “stepping out”, it is necessary to consider the “one belt and one road” from the perspective of great power development strategy. He firstly made the brief retrospect and combing regarding the great achievement of China’s opening up to the outside world (the status leap of the international division of labor, China’s successfully fitting into the world’s economic system, successfully solving the “foreign exchange gap” restricting the industrialization”) and active role produced by the opening to the outside world(speeding up the propulsion of industrialization, realizing the great-leap-forward development, enhancing the efficiency of economic operations, and promoting the reform). Secondly, he set forth the basic cause for China’s successful opening up to the outside world (complying with the economic globalization trend, firmly grasping the international opportunities by the policy innovation, giving full play to the comparative advantage of low cost labor force and dynamic advantages creating the industrial basis, gradually carrying forward, drawing on advantages and avoiding the disadvantages, thus guarding against the various kinds of risks ) and three major changes faced by the opening up to the outside world(china’s economy has entered a new normality in which the growth rate needs the shift of gears, the economic structure needs the adjustment, the growth power needs the switching , the major adjustment period of world economy and construction period of the new generation international economic and trade rules , the comparative advantage conversion period and the rising up of the newly developing great powers). Once again, he put forward the strategic target of building the new advantage of open economy ( turning from earning the foreign exchange through exports to the value chain promotion +peaceful rise, turning from mainly relying on low cost to the international competition’s new advantage with the quality, technology, brand, service as the core) and strategic focus of building open economy’s international competition new advantage( strengthening the capacity for participating the global economy governance, strengthening the international competitiveness of technology and capital intensive products; strengthening the international competitiveness of service trade, developing a batch of local transnational corporations with international competitiveness, guaranteeing the national resources energy and financial security). Finally, he provided the development path for China’s opening up to the outside world: the competitive advantage from cost to technology, capital and technology intensive industries from protecting the development to the opening up development, the main exports from the middle and small-sized enterprises and foreign enterprises to China’s transnational corporations, the element foundation from population size bonus to quality bonus, the market focus from the developed to the newly emerging markets, and value chain from downstream to upstream.  

This lecture last two hours, director Long and teachers and students had interactive communication. The report content is comprehensive and systematic, high-end and at the leading edge , the lecture style is from the easy to the difficult and complicated, slow and clear, the entire assembly room was all occupied, people listened to the talk seriously, it is a quite hard-won spiritual feast, receiving the high praise from the participating teachers and students. After the meeting, director Long and his group coming together had a group photo to mark the occasion at the Hall of Science with the leaders of the School of Economics and Management.  

Long Guoqiang, currently working as the vice director of the Development Research Center of the State Council, member of the leading Party group, researcher, B.Sc of Beijing University(1987), master of management (1992), Ph.D of Economics(1998). From 1993-2013,had successively held the posts of deputy director, director, vice director of research department , director of the research department of Foreign Economic Research Department of Development Research Center of the State Council, from 2013-2015, working as the member, general office director of the leading Party group of the Development Research Center of the State Council, with the additional posts of professors, researchers for Beijing University, Beijing Institute of Technology, Foreign Economic Trade University etc. of many universities. Vice chairman of China’s International Economic Cooperation Society, vice-chairman of China’s International Trade Society, council member of WTO Research Society, vice chairman of World Economic Forum , 2009 global trade agenda committee. He has been working on the research of China’s foreign economic policy for a long term, and completing the report for the multiple items of major policy researches in terms of foreign trade, transnational investment, economic cooperation, special economic zone, and regional economic cooperation etc. of fields; repeatedly participated in the economic situation analysis and policy seminar organized by the State Council and relevant ministries and commissions; in the year of 2007 he explained the Opening wider to the outside world, and maintaining the state economic security for the collective learning of the political bureau of the central committee of the communist party of China. He presided over or wrote chiefly more than 70 copies of Survey research report relating to China’s great economic development , he published more than 60 articles on People’s Daily, Guangming Daily, Economic Daily, Economic Information Daily, China Economic Times, China’s Development Observation> etc., published the more than 10 works such as Sustainable China’s foreign trade development strategy, New strategy for the regional opening up > etc..  
The report is the lecture III of Silk Road Discourse series of Silk Road Research Center of Beijing Jiaotong University, also one of the annual series report of “Schoolwork growth course” in the “ Three work growth path” advocated by the Business Administration Branch Institute the series activities of “three work growth path” include “ school work growth course”?"career growth path" and "entrepreneurial growth path” of three items of series. “ School work growth course” mainly invites the high-end scholars at home and abroad with rich experiences, guiding the young teachers and postgraduates of our college for publishing the high level academic paper, applying for the National Science Foundation and National Social Science Foundation etc. of high level items; "career growth path ” mainly invites the professional managers who rapidly reach their primes after graduating from colleges and universities, analyzing their career growth path for the college students, in order to make college students “know themselves, know society, present themselves, manage themselves and realize themselves”; "entrepreneurial growth path” mainly invites the successful entrepreneurs and entrepreneurial experts to systematically explain the successful way of management of the enterprises, to motivate the career consciousness and passion of the college students, enhance the college students’ learning purpose and consciousness.